我们的服务/多伦多表皮囊肿切除

什么是表皮囊肿?

An epidermal cyst, also known as an epidermoid cyst, sebaceous cyst, inclusion cyst or keratin cyst , is a small, painless, benign, slow-growing bump under the skin. Characterized by a sac filled with a greyish-white, foul-smelling, cheesy-like substance called keratin, they are usually found on the face, scalp, behind the ears, neck, upper back, chest or genitals. Epidermal cysts are usually caused by the blockage of a hair follicle by acne or injury to the skin, or blockage of a sebaceous gland, which excretes an oily substance to lubricate the skin and hair. They occur more commonly in males rather than females, and more often in young to middle aged adults. Some people with rare syndromes may also experience numerous epidermal cysts are one of the symptoms. However, these epidermal cysts are almost always non-cancerous and rarely cause problems or require treatment.

有哪些体征和症状?

表皮囊肿在皮肤下表现为小肿块。有时它会从囊肿的囊腔内排出一种臭味,俗气的物质。感染后,它还会发红,发炎和疼痛。有时,在囊肿上可能会出现一个小角。如果您遇到这些症状,请与您的家庭医生确认这是良性表皮囊肿。

表皮囊肿的例子术中表皮囊肿的图片

我可以接受哪种测试?

通常,医生仅通过肉眼检查就可以识别出表皮囊肿。可能需要进行身体检查,或转介皮肤科医生。整个病变的手术切除可能有助于确定诊断并消除对恶性肿瘤的担心。

有哪些治疗选择?

Usually, no immediate treatment is necessary for epidermal cysts. If it is not malignant, it would not be harmful to one’s health to leave it as it is. However, many people with epidermal cysts do tend to seek treatment, especially since the lesion is always continually growing. This is usually for cosmetic reasons, if the cyst is in an irritating location (like in the scalp while combing hair), or if it has become infected. There are a number of possible options for different kinds of treatments. A steroid injection may reduce the inflammation of the cyst, but it does not remove it. Surgical drainage consists of cutting open the cyst, draining the pus inside and then removing the cyst wall, but this can leave some part of the cyst behind, allowing it to recur. Antibiotics can be prescribed if the cyst is infected, but again this does not get rid of the cyst itself. The only definitive method of treatment for epidermal cysts is surgical excision. This is the method that Dr. Hong prefers to perform, whereby the entire cyst, including the cyst wall and its contents, are removed intact. This method has the lowest probability of leaving any of the cyst behind, reducing the chances of the cyst growing back.

我对手术有什么期望?

The surgical procedure to remove an epidermal cyst is quite easy. The surgery itself would typically take approximately 15 minutes. Local freezing would be used, and about 20-30 minutes would be added to the surgery time to allow for the freezing to set in. However, because of the local freezing, the patient would be fit to drive home afterwards. Once the specimen has been excised, it will be sent to a lab to be tested for any malignancy and to confirm the diagnosis. Stitches will be needed, and will typically be removed 5-14 days later, depending on the size and location of surgery. Redness is normal even after the stitches have been taken out, but after 4-6 months the scar should be hardly visible. There should be minimal to no pain after the local freezing has worn off, but Tylenol Extra Strength can be taken if there is.

有什么风险?

切除表皮囊肿的风险非常少,但可能包括感染,缝合反应,出血,瘀伤和疤痕。请与您的医生谈谈您正在服用的任何药物,以及过去是否有异常疤痕(瘢痕loid或肥厚性疤痕)。

它要花多少钱?

不幸的是,OHIP并未涵盖去除表皮囊肿的手术。建议与洪医生协商以找出您手术的确切价格。如果没有您的家庭医生的推荐,则需要支付80美元的咨询费,但这笔费用将用于支付手术费用。后续约会(例如移除缝合线)不收取额外费用。

在大多伦多地区,洪博士被认为是非常有成就的 多伦多鼻子手术耳外科额头提拉 和整容专家。他也有助于 眼睑手术多伦多 患者实现了更年轻,更有活力的面部轮廓的目标。

点评与推荐

“阅读Hong博士的一些患者的真实故事以及接受美容治疗后的经历”

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洛雷姆·伊普苏姆·多洛尔(Lorem ipsum dolor)坐镇,因流浪者卷起而迷失了自闭症,但事情的乐趣并不乐观,被我的力量拖到了危险之中。